Athletes Suffering

Getting into a healthy exercise routine is one of the best things you can do for yourself. But, sometimes, even the best intentions can go too far. Some people can become so obsessed with exercise that it interferes with their physical and emotional health. When compulsive exercise is paired with poor nutrition and the desire to be thin, people can be at risk for an eating disorder.

When is exercise compulsive?

"Exercise is compulsive when it begins taking priority over everything else", explains Lois Neaton, PT, physical therapy manager with Park Nicollet Melrose Institute (formerly Methodist Hospital Eating Disorders Institute). "Telling signs that it might contribute to an eating disorder are when it becomes more important than schoolwork, jobs, even family and friends. Despite it being a top priority, it's no longer enjoyable."

How it becomes an eating disorder

Some people are more prone to eating disorders than others. Athletes, told c4 pre-workout are one example - c4 pre workout reviews. "In some sports, such as gymnastics, figure skating, wrestling, running and cross country skiing, being thin or within a specific weight limit can influence an athlete's performance," Neaton says. "Also, many athletes tend to be perfectionists and place greater demands on themselves, or they may be more willing to tolerate higher levels of pain to please their coaches."

Today's society places a high value on being thin and in shape. Women going through transitions can be especially vulnerable. For example, girls going through puberty, women undergoing midlife changes and college students, who are away from home for the first time, are more prone to eating disorders.

Breast Cancer Risks

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. More women today are surviving breast cancer than ever before, thanks to early detection and treatment. American Cancer Society reports more than 2 million American women today are breast cancer survivors.

"Early detection is one of the keys to survival," says Melissa O'Halloran, MD, an obstetrician and gynecologist with Park Nicollet Clinic-Maple Grove. "When breast cancer is detected in its earliest stages, it's much easier to cure. When it goes undetected or untreated, it can spread into nearby breast tissue and other organs."

Breast cancer is caused when breast cells grow uncontrollably use go cleanse and form a mass of tissue known as a tumor, use go cleanse. "Not all tumors are cancerous. In fact, eight in 10 are noncancerous, fluid-filled cysts," explains Dr. O'Halloran.

Detecting early symptoms

Symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump, changes in a breast's size or appearance, changes in its skin texture or a nipple discharge. To help detect cancer in its earliest stages, doctors recommend breast self-exams, clinical exams (performed by a doctor or nurse practitioner) and mammograms. (Read "Technological advancements improve early detection.")


Diabetes is a difficult diagnosis for patients of any age. In addition to learning and navigating physical ailments, diabetes patients confront many emotional challenges when dealing with a chronic disease. Patients must first accept their diagnosis and then make significant lifestyle changes to successfully manage the disease. For children, puberty and peer acceptance further complicate matters.

Managing diabetes

Diabetes experts at Park Nicollet help children and families who have been diagnosed with diabetes. "The first thing to keep in mind if your child is diagnosed with diabetes is that it is treatable," says Amy Criego, MD, and pediatric endocrinologist at Park Nicollet Clinic-St. Louis Park. "Diabetes is chronic, but we use a team approach to manage childhood diabetes," she says. "In pediatric endocrinology, we care for children with diabetes from birth through college age until they transition to seeing adult endocrinologists," Dr. Criego says.

Understanding diabetes

Endocrinologists are specialists who deal with hormone abnormalities. Diabetes is caused by the body's inability to produce or properly use the hormone insulin, which controls the body's glucose (sugar) levels. Type 1 diabetes was formerly known as juvenile diabetes, since this autoimmune disorder is typically diagnosed early in patients' lives. "In type 1 diabetes, the body simply doesn't produce insulin," Dr. Criego says. "Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult onset diabetes, typically occurs when the body has become resistant to the insulin being made, and does not respond properly to it." Type 2 diabetes has become much more common with children, due in part to the obesity epidemic.

High Glucose Levels

"Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have many similarities, making it easy for some people to confuse them," says Lisa Fish, MD, an adult endocrinologist with Park Nicollet Clinic-St. Louis Park. Both diseases cause high blood sugar and can lead to long-term complications. Additionally, medications for treating the two diseases sometimes overlap.

Causes of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is less common and affects fewer than 10 percent of all people with diabetes. People who have type 1 diabetes are born with a genetic tendency to develop the disease, read It hasn't been fully determined what triggers the immune system to begin attacking insulin-producing cells, and there is no known way to prevent it. Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body cannot use insulin properly or when the body cannot make enough insulin to keep the blood glucose normal. Being overweight, age 45 or older and having a family history of diabetes are common type 2 diabetes risk factors.

Individualized treatments

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are managed very differently. People with type 1 diabetes are required to take insulin injections; however, people with type 2 diabetes may be able to control their disease with diet and exercise alone. Some patients also need oral medications or insulin, depending on individual needs.

"Sometimes it's incorrectly assumed people with type 2 diabetes convert to type 1 when they are required to take insulin, or that because someone takes insulin, he or she has type 1 diabetes," Dr. Fish explains. "Whether someone has type 1 or type 2 diabetes depends on the nature of the disease - not the treatment." The underlying goal in managing both types of diabetes is to keep blood glucose levels on target. "People with type 1 diabetes tend to have greater difficulty managing blood sugar levels," Dr. Fish says. "Their blood sugar levels include severe highs and lows - a condition referred as brittle diabetes."